4.9 Bibliography

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Alley, R.B. 2000. The Younger Dryas cold interval as viewed from central Greenland. Quaternary Science Reviews 19, 213-226.

Alley, R. and Ágústdóttir, A.M. 2005. The 8k event: cause and consequences of a major Holocene abrupt climate change. Quaternary Science Reviews 24, 1123-1149.

Alley, R.B., Mayewski, P.A., Showers, T., Stuiver, M., Taylor, K.C. and Clark, P.U. 1997. Holocene climatic instability: a prominent, widespread event 8200 yr ago. Geology 25, 483-486.

Andrews, M.V., Beck, R.B., Birks, H.J.B. and Gilbertson, D.D. 1987a. The past and present vegetation of Oronsay and Colonsay. In Mellars, P. (ed) Excavations on Oronsay. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 52-77.

Andrews, M.V., Gilbertson, D.D. and Kent, M. 1987b. Storm frequencies along the Mesolithic coastline. In Mellars, P. (ed) Excavations on Oronsay. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 108-114.

Armit, I. et al. 2015. Rapid climate change did not cause population collapse at the end of the European Bronze Age. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (doi/10.1073/pnas.1408028111)

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Ballantyne, C.K. 1991. Late Holocene erosion in upland Britain: climatic deterioration or human influence? The Holocene 1, 81-85.

Ballantyne C.K. 2002. The Loch Lomond Readvance on the Isle of Mull, Scotland: glacier reconstruction and palaeoclimatic implications. Journal of Quaternary Science 17, 759–771.

Ballantyne C.K 2004. Geomorphological changes and trends in Scotland: debris-flows. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 052 (ROAME No. F00AC107A).   

Ballantyne, C.K. and Kirkbride, M.P. 1987. Rockfall activity in upland Britain during the Loch Lomond Stadial. Geographical Journal 153, 86-92.

Ballin, T and Faithfull J 2009 ‘Gazetteer of Arran Pitchstone Sources: Presentation of exposed pitchstone dykes and sills across the Isle of Arran, and discussion of the archaeological relevance of these outcrops’ Scottish Archaeology Internet Report [online] 38. Society of Antiquaries Scotland: Edinburgh Available at http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archives/view/sair/contents.cfm?vol=38 Accessed 30 March 2017.

Ballin, T.B., Saville, A., Tipping, R. and Ward, T. 2010. An Upper Palaeolithic flint and chert assemblage from Howburn Farm, South Lanarkshire, Scotland: First Results. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 29 (4), 323-360.  

Barber, J.W. 1981. Excavations on Iona, 1979. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 111, 282-380.

Barber, J.W. and Brown, M.M. 1984. An Sithean, Islay. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 114, 161-188.

Barber, J. 1998. The Archaeological Investigation of a Prehistoric Landscape: Excavations on Arran 1978-1981. Edinburgh: Scottish Trust for Archaeological Research.

Barrett, J.H., Nicholson, R. and Ceron-Cerrasco, R. 1999. Archaeo-ichthyological evidence for long-term socioecononomic trends in northern Scotland: 3500BC to AD1500. Journal of Archaeological Science 26, 353-388.

Baxter, J.M. et al. 2011. Scotland’s Marine Atlas: Information for the national marine plan. Edinburgh: Marine Scotland. Pp. 191.

Bicket, A. and Tizzard, L. 2015. A review of the submerged prehistory and palaeolandscapes of the British Isles. Proceedings of the Geologists' Association 126, 643-663.

Bicket, A.R., Mellett, C.L., Tizzard, L. and Waddington, C. 2016. Exploring Holocene palaeogeography in the 'white ribbon': a Mesolithic case study from the Northumberland coast. Journal of Quaternary Science (doi /10.1002/jqs.2897/epdf).

Bishop, R.R., Church, M.J. and Rowley-Conwy, P.A 2015. Firewood, food and human niche construction: the potential role of Mesolithic hunter-gatherers in actively structuring Scotland's woodlands. Quaternary Science Reviews 108, 51-75.

Bjorck, S. and Clemmensen, L.B. 2004. Aeolian sediment in raised bog deposits, Halland, SW Sweden: a new proxy record of Holocene winter storminess variation in southern Scandinavia? The Holocene 14, 677-688.

Bond, G. et al. 1997. A pervasive millennial-scale cycle in North Atlantic Holocene and glacial climates. Science 278, 1257-1266.

Bonsall, J.C. 1992. Archaeology. In Walker, M.J.C., Gray, J.M. and Lowe, J.J. (eds) The South-West Scottish Highlands: Field Guide. Cambridge: Quaternary Research Association, 27-34.

Bonsall, C., Macklin, M.G., Anderson, D.E. and Payton, R.W. 2002. Climate change and the adoption of agriculture in north-west Europe. European Journal of Archaeology 5, 9-23.

Bonsall, J.C. and Sutherland, D.G. 1992. The Oban Caves. In Walker, M.J.C., Gray, J.M. and Lowe, J.J. (eds) The South-West Scottish Highlands: Field Guide. Cambridge: Quaternary Research Association, 115-121.

Bos, J.A.A., van Geel, B., van der Plicht, J. and Bohncke, S.J.P. (2007) Preboreal climate oscillations in Europe: wiggle-match dating and synthesis of Dutch high-resolution multi-proxy records. Quaternary Science Reviews 26, 1927-1950.

Bradwell, T. et al. 2008a. The northern sector of the last British Ice Sheet: maximum extent and demise. Earth-Science Reviews 88, 207-226.

Bradwell, T. et al. 2008b. Ice caps existed throughout the Lateglacial Interstadial in northern Scotland. Journal of Quaternary Science 23, 401-408.

Brazier, V., Whittington, G. and Ballantyne, C.K. 1988. Holocene debris cone evolution in Glen Etive, western Grampian Highlands, Scotland. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 13, 525-531.

Bridge, M.C., Haggart, B.A. and Lowe, J.J. 1990. The history and palaeoclimatic significance of subfossil remains of Pinus sylvestris in blanket peats from Scotland. Journal of Ecology 78, 77-99.

Bunting, M.J. et al. 2000. A palaeoecological investigation of the vegetational and environmental history of the Loch Gorm area, NW Islay. In Mithen, S. 2000. Hunter-Gatherer Landscape Archaeology: The Southern Hebrides Mesolithic Project 1988-1998. Cambridge: MacDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, 137-147.

Burgess, C. 1985. Population, climate and upland settlement. In Spratt, D.A. and Burgess, C. (eds) Upland Settlement in Britain. Oxford: (BAR British Series 143, 195-230.


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Cage, A.G. and Austin, W.E.N. 2010. Marine climate variability during the last millennium: The Loch Sunart record, Scotland, UK. Quaternary Science Reviews 29 (13-14), 1633-1647.

Callaghan, R. and Scarre, C. 2009. Simulating the western seaways. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 28 (4), 357-372.

Carcaillet, C. et al. 2002. Holocene biomass burning and global dynamics of the carbon cycle. Chemosphere 49, 845-863.

Carter, S. and Dalland, M. 2005. Bronze Age banks at the Black Crofts, North Connel, Argyll, a synthesis and re-assessment. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 135, 191-212.

Carter, S. and Tipping, R. 1991-2. The prehistoric occupation of Carradale, Kintyre. Glasgow Archaeological Journal 17, 39-52.

Charman, D.J. 2010. Centennial climate variability in the British Isles during the mid-late Holocene. Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 1539-1554.

Clarke, G. et al. 2003. Superlakes, megafloods, and abrupt climate change. Science 301, 922-923.

Clarke, M. L. and Rendell, H. M. 2006. Effects of storminess, sand supply and the North Atlantic Oscillation on sand invasion and coastal dune accretion in western Portugal. The Holocene, 16, 341-355.

Connock, K.D., Finlayson, B. and Mills, C.M. 1992. The excavation of a shell midden site at Carding Mill Bay, near Oban, Scotland. Glasgow Archaeological Journal 17, 25-38.>

Coope, G.R., Lemdahl, G., Lowe, J.J. and Walkling, A. 1998. Temperature gradients in northern Europe during the last glacial-Holocene transition (14-9 14C kyr BP) interpreted from coleopteran assemblages. Journal of Quaternary Science 13,          419-434.

Cummings, V. and Whittle, A.W.R. 2003. Tombs with a view: landscape, monuments and trees. Antiquity 77: 255-266.

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Davidson, T.A., Sayer, C.D., Perrow, M.R. et al. 2003. Representation of fish communities by scale sub-fossils in shallow lakes: implications for inferring percid–cyprinid shifts. Journal of Paleolimnology 30, 441–449.

Davies, A.L. and Watson, F. 2007. Understanding the changing value of natural resources: an integrated palaeoecological – historical investigation into grazing – woodland interactions by Loch Awe, western Highlands of Scotland. Journal of Biogeography 34, 1777-1791.

Davies, F.M. 1997. Holocene Palaeoenvironmental Studies in the Oban Region, Western Scotland. Unpublished PhD Thesis, Newcastle upon Tyne.

Dawson, A.G. 1977. A fossil lobate rock-glacier in Jura. Scottish Journal of Geology 13, 37-42.

Dawson, A.G. 1983. The Quaternary of Islay and Jura: Field Guide. QRA: Coventry.

Dawson, A.G. 1984. Quaternary sea-level changes in western Scotland. Quaternary Science Reviews 3, 345-368.

Dawson, A.G. 2003. Estimating the vulnerability of Scotland’s coastline to the effects of future climate change and sea level rise. In Dawson, T. (ed.) Coastal Archaeology and Erosion in Scotland. Edinburgh: Historic Scotland, 25-35.

Dawson, A.G., Dawson, S. and Edwards, K.J. 1998. Rapid Holocene relative sea-level changes in Gruinart, Isle of Islay, Scottish Inner Hebrides. The Holocene 8, 183-195.

Dawson, A.G., Dawson, S., Mighall, T.M., Waldmann, G., Brown, A. and MacTaggart, F. 2001. Intertidal peat deposits and early Holocene relative sea-level changes, Traigh Eilereag, Isle of Coll, Scottish Hebrides. Scottish Journal of Geology 37, 11-18.

Dawson, A.G., Lowe, J.J. and Walker, M.J.C. 1987. The nature and age of the debris accumulation at Gribun, Western Mull, Inner Hebrides.  Scottish Journal of Geology 23, 149-162.

Dawson, S. Smith, D. E., Jordan, J. and Dawson, A. G. 2004. Late Holocene coastal sand movements in the Outer Hebrides, N.W. Scotland. Marine Geology, 210, 281-306.

De Jong, R., Bjorck, S., Bjorkman, L. and Clemmensen, L.B. 2006. Storminess variation during the last 6500 years as reconstructed from an ombrotrophic peat bog in Halland, southwest Sweden. Journal of Quaternary Science 21, 905-919.

Debret, M., Sebag, D., Crosta, X., Massei, N., Petit, J-A., Chapron, E. and Bout-Roumazeilles, V. (2009) Evidence from wavelet analysis for a mid-Holocene transition in global climate forcing. Quaternary Science Reviews 28, 2675-2688.

Dickson, J.H., Jardine, W.G. and Price, R.J. 1976. Three late-Devensian sites in west-central Scotland. Nature, 262, 43-44.

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Edwards, K.J. 1989. Meso-Neolithic vegetation impacts in Scotland and beyond : palynological considerations. In Bonsall, C. (ed) The Mesolithic in Europe. Edinburgh: John Donald, 143-163.

Edwards, K.J. 1990. Fire and the Scottish mesolithic: evidence from microscopic charcoal. In Vermeesch, P.M. and Van Peer, P. (eds) Contributions to the Mesolithic in Europe. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 71-79.

Edwards, K.J. 2000. Vegetation history of the Southern Inner Hebrides during the Mesolithic Period. In Mithen, S. (ed) Hunter-gatherer Landscape Archaeology: The Southern Hebrides Mesolithic Project 1988-1998. Volume 1: Project Development, Palaeoenvironments and Archaeological Fieldwork on Islay. Cambridge: MacDonald Institute Monographs, 115-127.

Edwards, K.J. and Berridge, J.M.A. 1994. The Late-Quaternary vegetational history of Loch a’Bhogaidh, Rinns of Islay SSSI, Scotland. New Phytologist 128, 749-69.

Edwards, K.J. and Hirons, K.R. 1984. Cereal pollen grains in pre-elm decline deposits: implications for the earliest agriculture in Britain and Ireland. Journal of Archaeological Science 11, 71-80.

Edwards, K., Langdon, P. and Sugden, H. 2007. Separating climatic and possible human impacts in the early Holocene: biotic response around the time of the 8200 cal. yr BP event. Journal of Quaternary Science 22 (1), 77-84.

Edwards, K.J. and McIntosh, C.J. 1988. Improving the detection rate of cereal-type pollen grains from Ulmus decline and earlier deposits from Scotland. Pollen et Spores 30, 179-188.

Edwards, K.J. and Mithen, S. 1995. The colonization of the Hebridean islands of western Scotland: evidence from the palynological and archaeological records. World Archaeology 26, 348-65.

Evans, D.J.A. 2003. The Quaternary of the Western Highland Boundary: Field guide. London: Quaternary Research Association.  

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Fairweather, A.D. and Ralston, I.B.M. 1993. The Neolithic timber hall at Balbridie, Grampian Region, Scotland : the building, the date, the plant macrofossils. Antiquity 67, 313-323.

Fisher, P. et al. (1997) Spatial analysis of visible areas from the Bronze Age cairns of Mull. Journal of Archaeological Science 24, 581-592.

Fraser, J.E. 2009. From Caledonia to Pictland. Scotland to 795. Edinburgh: University Press.

Fyfe, R.M. et al. 2013. The Holocene vegetation cover of Britain and Ireland: overcoming problems of scale and discerning patterns of openness. Quaternary Science Reviews 73, 132-148.

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Gemmell, A.M.D. 1973. The deglaciation of the island of Arran, Scotland. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 59, 25-39.

Gibson, A. 2004. Visibility and intervisibility: some thoughts on Neolithic and Bronze Age sites. In Shepherd, I.A.G. and Barclay, G. (eds) Scotland in Ancient Europe. The Neolithic and Early Bronze Age of Scotland in their European Context. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 155-169. 

Gilbertson, D.D., Shwenninger, J-L., Kemp, R.A. and Rhodes, E.J. 1999. Sand-drift and soil formation along an exposed North Atlantic coastline: 14,000 years of diverse geomorphological and human impacts. Journal of Archaeological Science 26, 439-469.

Gillen, C. 2004. Geology and Landscape. In Omand, D. (ed) The Argyll Book. Edinburgh: Birlinn, 1-16.

Golledge NR. 2006. The Loch Lomond Stadial glaciation south of Rannoch Moor: new evidence and palaeoglaciological insights. Scottish Geographical Journal 122: 326–343.

Golledge, N.R. 2010. Glaciation of Scotland during the Younger Dryas Stadial: a review. Journal of Quaternary Science 25, 759-764.

Gray, J.M. 1974. Lateglacial and postglacial shorelines in western Scotland. Boreas 3, 129-138.

Gray, J.M. 1975. The Loch Lomond Readvance and contemporaneous sea-levels in Loch Etive and neighbouring areas of western Scotland. Proceedings of the Geologists Association 86, 227-38.

Gray, J.M. 1978. Low-level shore platforms in the S.W. Scottish Highlands: altitude, age and correlation. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers New Series 3, 151-164.

Gray, J.M. 1995. The kame terraces of lower Loch Etive. Scottish Geographical Magazine 111, 113-118.

Gray, J.M. and Sutherland, D.G. 1977. The ‘Oban-Ford Moraine’: a reappraisal. In Gray, J.M. and Lowe, J.J. (eds). Studies in the Scottish Lateglacial Environment. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 33-44.


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Haggart, B.A. and Sutherland, D.G. 1992. Moine Mhor. In Walker, M.J.C., Gray, J.M. and Lowe, J.J. (eds) The South-West Scottish Highlands: Field Guide, Cambridge: Quaternary Research Association, 143-152.

Halliday, S.P. 2015. Scotland in Europe. In Fraser, H. and Ralston, I. (eds) Scotland in Later Prehistoric Europe. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 281-293.

Harding, D.W. 2004. The Iron Age in Northern Britain. London: Routledge.

Housley R.A. et al. 2004. A high-resolution study of human impact and land use around the first millennium AD royal centre at Dunadd, Argyll. In Housley RA, Coles G. (eds.) Atlantic Connections and Adaptations. Oxbow: Oxford, 12-28.

Housley, R.A. et al. 2010. Late Holocene vegetation and palaeoenvironmental history of the Dunadd area, Argyll, Scotland: chronology of events. Journal of Archaeological Science 37: 577-593.

Housley, R.A., Clarke, C. and Campbell, E.N. 2007. Modelling the archaeological potential of a Scottish werland: a case study from the Mhoine Mhor, Argyll. In Barber, J. et al. (eds) Archaeology from the Wetlands: Recent persepectives. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 355-363.

Howe, J.A. et al. 2002. Post-glacial depositional environments in a mid-high latitude glacially-overdeepened sea loch, inner Loch Etive, western Scotland. Marine Geology 185, 417-453.

Hubbard, A. et al. 2009. Dynamic cycles, ice streams and their impact on the extent, chronology and deglaciation of the British-Irish Ice Sheet. Quaternary Science Reviews 28, 758-776.

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Innes, J.L. 1983. Landuse changes in the Scottish Highlands during the 19th century: the role of pasture degeneration. Scottish Geographical Magazine 99, 141-149.


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Jardine, W.G. 1977. The Quaternary marine record in southwest Scotland and the Scottish Hebrides. In Kidson, C. and Tooley, M.J. (eds) The Quaternary History of the Irish Sea. Liverpool: Seal House Press, 99-118.

Jardine, W.G. 1987. The Mesolithic coastal setting. In Mellars, P. (ed) Excavations on Oronsay. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 25-51.

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Laing, L., Laing, J. and Longley, D. 1988. The early Christian and later medieval ecclesiastical site at St. Blane’s, Kingerth, Bute. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 128, 551-565.

Lindsay, J.M. 1975. Charcoal iron smelting and its fuel supply: the example of Lorn Furnace, Argyllshire, 1753-1786. Journal of Historical Geography 1, 283-298.

Long, D. 2002. Rock Art and its Prehistoric Context in the Kilmartin Valley. Kilmartin: Historic Scotland.

Lowe, J.J. and Walker, M.J.C. 1986. Lateglacial and early Flandrian environmental history of the Isle of Mull, Inner Hebrides, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 77, 1-20.

Lowe, J.J., Rasmussen, S.O. et al. 2008. Synchronisation of palaeoenvironmental events in the North Atlantic during the Last Termination: a revised protocol recommended by the INTIMATE Group. Quaternary Science Reviews 27, 1175-1187.

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Macklin, M.G., Johnstone, E. and Lewin, J. 2005. Pervasive and long-term forcing of Holocene river instability and flooding in Great Britain by centennial-scale climate change. The Holocene 15, 937-943.

Macklin, M.G., Bonsall, C., Davies, F.M. and Robinson, M.R. 2000. Human-environment interactions during the Holocene: new data and interpretations from the Oban area, Argyll, Scotland. The Holocene 10, 109-122.

Marret, F., Scourse, J. and Austin, W. 2004. Holocene shelf-sea seasonal stratification dynamics: a dinoflagellate cyst record from the Celtic Sea, NW European shelf. The Holocene 14, 689-696.

Martlew, R.D. and Ruggles, C. 1996. Ritual and landscape on the west coast of Scotland: an investigation of the stone rows of northern Mull. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 62,  117-131. 

Mayewski, P.A. et al. 2004. Holocene climate variability. Quaternary Research 62, 243-255.

McCormick, F. 1993. Excavations on Iona, 1988. Ulster Journal of Archaeology 56, 78-108.

McCullagh, R. 1989. Excavation at Newton, Islay. Glasgow Archaeological Journal 15, 23-51.

Miller, J. and Ramsay, S. 2001. The Vegetation History of Kilmartin Glen over the last two millennia. Glasgow: School of Archaeology.

Mithen, S. 2000. Hunter-Gatherer Landscape Archaeology: The Southern Hebrides Mesolithic Project 1988-1998. Cambridge: MacDonald Institute for Archaeological Research. 2 Vols.

Mithen, S. and Finlayson, B. 1991. Red deer hunters on Colonsay? The implications of Staosnaig for the interpretation of the Oronsay middens. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 57, 1-8.

Moir, A.K., Leroy, S.A.G., Brown, D. and Collins, P.E.F. 2010. Dendrochronological evidence for a lower water-table on peatland around 3200-3000 BC from subfossil pine in northern Scotland. The Holocene 20 (6), 917-930.

Murray, H.K. et al. 2009. A tale of the unknown unknowns: a Mesolithic pit alignment and a Neolithic timber hall at Warren Field, Crathes, Aberdeenshire. Oxford: Oxbow.  

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Orme, L.C., Davies, S.J. and Duller, G.A.T. 2015. Reconstructed centennial variability of late Holocene storminess from Cors Fochno, Wales. Journal of Quaternary Science 30 (5), 478-488.

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Paul, C.R.C. 1987. Land-snail assemblages from the shell midden sites in Mellars, P. (ed) Excavations on Oronsay. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 91-107.

Peacock, J.D. 1983. A model for Scottish interstadial marine palaeotemperatures 13,000 to 11,000 BP. Boreas 12, 73-82.

Peacock, J.D. 1989. Marine molluscs and Late Quaternary environmental studies with particular reference to the Late-glacial period in Northwest Europe: a review. Quaternary Science Reviews 8, 179-192.

Peacock, J.D. et al. 1977. Evolution and chronology of Lateglacial marine environments at Lochgilphead, Scotland. In Gray, J.M. and Lowe, J.J. (eds) Studies in the Scottish Lateglacial Environment. Oxford: Pergamon, 89-100.   

Peacock, J.D. et al. 1989. Radiocarbon ages for a glaciomarine bed associated with the maximum of the Loch Lomond Readvance in west Benderloch, Argyll. Scottish Journal of Geology 25, 69-79.  

Peglar, S. 1980. Loch Cill an Aonghais. In Birks, H.J.B. Quaternary Vegetational History of Western Scotland. Cambridge: unpublished.

Pickard, C. and Bonsall, C. 2004. Deep-sea fishing in the European Mesolithic: fact or fantasy? European Journal of Archaeology 7, 273-290.

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Rasmussen, S.O. et al. 2008. Synchronisation of the NGRIP, GRIP and GRIP2 ice cores across MIS2 and palaeoclimatic implications. Quaternary Science Reviews 27, 18-28.

Reece, R. 1981. Excavations on Iona, 1964 to 1974. University of London, Institute of Archaeology Occ. Pap. No. 5.

Rhodes, A.N., Rumsby, B.T. and Macklin, M.G. 1992. Gallanach Beg, Oban. In Walker, M.J.C., Gray, J. M. and Lowe, J.J. (eds) The South-west Scottish Highlands:Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association: Cambridge, 121-124.

Ritchie, J.N.G. 1970. Excavation of the chambered cairn at Achnacreebeag. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 102, 31-55.

Ritchie, G. 1997. The Archaeology of Argyll. Edinburgh: University Press.

Roland, T.P. et al. 2015. The 5.2 ka climate event: evidence from stable isotopes and multi-proxy palaeoecological peatland records in Ireland. Quaternary Science Reviews 124, 209-223.

Ruggles, C., Martlew, D. and Hinge, P. 1991. The north Mull project: (2) the wider astronomical potential of the sites. Archaeoastronomy 16, S51-75.

Ruggles, C. and Martlew, R.D. 1992. The North Mull Project: (3) prominent hill summits and their astronomical potential. Archaeoastronomy 17, S1-13.

Rose, J., Lowe, J.J. and Switsur, R. 1988. A radiocarbon date on plant detritus beneath till from the type area of the Loch Lomond Readvance. Scottish Journal of Geology 24, 113-124.

Rymer, L. 1974. The Palaeoecology and Historical Ecology  of the parish of North Knapdale, Argyllshire, Unpublished PhD Thesis, Cambridge.

Rymer, L. 1977. A Late-glacial and early post-glacial pollen diagram from Drimnagall, north Knapdale, Argyllshire. New Phytologist 79, 211-221.

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Sansum, P.A. 2004. Recent Woodland Management Practice in Western Scottish Oak Woods: A Palynological and Documentary History. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Stirling.

Scaife, R.G. and Dimbleby, G.W. 1990. Landscape Change on Iona. Bulletin of the Institute of Archaeology, University of London 27, 25-61.

Schulting, R.J. 1998. Slighting the sea: stable isotope evidence for the transition to farming in northwestern Europe. Documenta Praehistorica 15, 203-218.

Schulting, R.J 2012. Holocene environmental change and the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition in north-west Europe: revisiting two models. Environmental Archaeology 15 (2), 160-172.

Schulting, R.J. and Richards, M.P. 2002. The wet, the wild and the domesticated: the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition on the west coast of Scotland. Journal of European Archaeology 5, 147-189.

Selby, K.A. 2004. Lateglacial and Holocene vegetation change on the Isle of Skye: new data from three coastal locations. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 13, 233-247.

Seppa, H. et al. 2007. Spatial structure of the 8200 cal yr BP event in northern Europe. Climates of the Past 2, 225-236.

Shennan, I. and Horton, B. 2002. Holocene land and sea-level changes in Great Britain. Journal of Quaternary Science 17, 511-527.

Shennan, I. et al. 2006. Relative sea-level observations in western Scotland since the Last Glacial Maximum for testing models of isostatic land movements and ice-sheet reconstructions. Journal of Quaternary Science 21, 601-613.

Sheridan, A. 2007. From Picardie to Pickering and Pencraig Hill? New information on the ‘Carinated Bowl Neolithic’ in northern Britain. In Whittle, A.W.R. and Cummings, V. (eds) Going Over: the Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in north-west Europe. Proceedings of the British Academy 144, 439-490.

Sheridan, A. 2010. The Neolithization of Britain and Ireland: the 'big picture'. In Finlayson, B. and Warren, G. (eds) Landscapes in Transition. Oxford: Oxbow, 89-105.

Sheridan, A. 2012. Contextualising Kilmartin: building a narrative for developments in western Scotland and beyond, from the Early Neolithic to the Late Bronze Age. In Meirion Jones, M., Pollard, J., Allen, M. and Gardiner, J. (eds) Image, Memory and Monumentality. Archaeological engagements with the material world. Prehistoric Society Research Paper 5. Oxbow: Oxford, 163-183.

Simmons, I.G. 1996. The Environmental Impact of Later Mesolithic Cultures. Edinburgh: University Press.

Smith, D.E. et al. 2007. Holocene relative sea level changes in a glacio-isostatic area: new data from south-west Scotland, United Kingdom. Mar. Geol., 242, 5-26.

Smith, D.E., Davies, M.H., Brooks, C.L., Mighall, T.M., Dawson, S., Rea, B.R., Jordan, J.T. and Holloway, L.K. 2010. Holocene relative sea levels and related prehistoric activity in the Forth lowland. Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 2382-2410.

Smith, D.E., Cullingford, R.A. and Firth, C.R. 2000. Patterns of isostatic land uplift during the Holocene: evidence from mainland Scotland. The Holocene 10, 489-501.

Sommerville, A.A. et al. 2003. Optically stimulated luminescence dating of large storm events in Northern Scotland. Quaternary Science Reviews 22, 1085-1092.

Sommerville, A.A. et al. 2007. Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating of coastal aeolian sand accumulation in Sanday, Orkney Islands, Scotland. The Holocene 17, 627-637.

Soulsby, J.A. 1976. Palaeoenvironmental interpretation of a buried soil at Achnacree, Argyll.  Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 1, 279-283.

Stager, J.C. and Mayewski, P.A. 1997. Abrupt early to mid-Holocene climatic transitions registered at the Equator and the Poles. Science 276, 1834-1836.

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