Science Bibliography

 

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Akçar, N., Ivy-Ochs, S and Schlüchter, C 2008 'Application of in-situ produced terrestrial cosmogenic
nuclides to archaeology: A schematic review.'  Eiszeitalter und Gegenwart Quaternary Science Journal 57(1-2), 226-238

Adderley, W P., Simpson, I A., Lockheart, M J., Evershed, R P and Davidson, D A 2000 'Modelling traditional manuring practice: soil organic matter sustainability of an early Shetland community?', Human Ecology 28, 415-431.

Adderley, W P., Simpson, I A and MacLeod, G W 2001 'Testing high resolution X-ray computed tomography for the micromorphological analyses of archaeological soils and sediments', Archaeological Prospection 8, 107-112.

Adderley, W P., Alberts, I L., Simpson, I A and Wess, T J 2004 'Calcium-iron-phosphate features in archaeological sediments: characterisation through microfocus synchrotron X-ray scattering analyses', Journal of Archaeological Science 31, 1215-1224.

Adderly, W P., Simpson, I A., and Davidson, D A 2006 'Historic landscape management: a validation of quantitative soil thin-section analyses', Journal of Archaeological Science 33, 320-334.

Adderley, W P., Simpson, I A., Barrett, R and Wess, W J 2007 'Archaeological soils and sediments: Application of microfocus synchrotron X-ray scattering, diffraction and fluorescence analyses in thin section', Journal of Mathematical Geology 968, 194-209.

Adderley, W P., Wilson, C A., Simpson, I A and Davidson, D A 2010 'Anthropogenic features', in Stoops, G., Marcelino, V and Mees, F (eds) Interpretation of Micromorphological Features of Soils and Regoliths. Elsevier: Amsterdam, 569-588.

Aitchison J 1990 'Relative variation diagrams for describing patterns of compositional variability', Journal of Mathematical Geology 22, 487'511.

Aitchison J and Egozcue J J 2005 'Compositional Data Analysis: where are we and where should we be heading?', Journal of Mathematical Geology (7), 829-850.

Aitken, M J and Hawley, H N 1967 ‘Archaeomagnetic measurements in Britain IV’ Archaeometry 10, 129–35.

Alexander, D 2005 'Redcastle, Lunan Bay, Angus : the excavation of an Iron Age timber-lined souterrain and a Pictish barrow cemetery', Proc Soc Antiq Scot 135, 41-118 .

Alexander, S 2007 Fading of Luminescence of Feldspars, Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Glasgow

Alexander Bentley, R 2006 'Strontium isotopes from the earth to the archaeological skeleton: a review', Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory13(3), 135'187.

Ambrose, S H 1993 'Isotopic analysis of palaeodiets: methodological and interpretative considerations', in Sandford M K (ed) Investigations of Ancient Human Tissue: Chemical Analyses in Anthropology, Gordon and Breach: Langhorne, Pennsylvannia, 59-130.

Anderson, E C., Libby, W F., Weinhouse, S., Reid, A F, Kirshenbaum, A D and Grosse, A V 1947 ' Natural radiocarbon from cosmic radiation', The Physical Review 72, 931-936.

Anderson, E C and Libby, W F 1951 'World-wide distribution of natural radiocarbon', The Physical Review 81, 64-69.

Anderson J 1895 'Notice of a cave recently discovered at Oban, containing human remains, and a refuse-heap of shells and bones of animals, and stone and bone implements'. Proc Soc Antiq Scot 29 (1894-5), 211-30.

Anthony I M C 2004 'Luminescence Dating of Scottish Burnt Stone Mounds : New results from sites Orkney and Shetland', Unpublished PhD Thesis University of Glasgow

Anthony I M C., Sanderson D C W., Cook, G T., Abernethy D and Housley R A 2001 'Dating a burnt mound from Kilmartin, Argyll, Scotland', Quaternary Science Reviews 20, 921- 925.

Armit, I 2006 Anatomy of an Iron Age Wheelhouse: The Cnip Excavations, Lewis. Society of Antiquaries of Scotland: Edinburgh.

Ascough, P L., Cook, G T., Dugmore, A J., Barber, J., Higney, E and Scott, E M 2004 'Holocene variations in the Scottish marine radiocarbon reservoir effect', Radiocarbon 46, 611-620.

Ascough, P L., Cook, G T and Dugmore, A J 2005a 'Methodological approaches to determining the marine radiocarbon reservoir effect', Progress in Physical Geography 29, 532-547.

Ascough, P L., Cook, G T., Dugmore, A J., Scott, E M and Freeman, S P H T 2005b 'Influence of mollusc species on marine ΔR determinations'. Radiocarbon 47, 433-440.

Ascough, P L, Cook, G T, Church, M J., Dugmore, A J., Arge, S V and McGovern, T H 2006 'Variability in North Atlantic marine radiocarbon reservoir effects at c.1000 AD', The Holocene 16, 131-136.

Ascough, P L., Cook, G T., Dugmore, A J. and Scott, E M 2007 'The North Atlantic Marine Reservoir Effect in the Early Holocene: Implications for Defining and Understanding MRE Values'. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 259, 438-447.

Ascough, P L., Cook, G T and Dugmore, A J 2009 'North Atlantic marine 14C reservoir effects: implications for late-Holocene chronological studies'. Quaternary Geochronology, 4(3), 171-180.

Ashmore, P 2005 ‘Dating Barnhouse’ in Richards, C (ed) Dwelling among the monuments: the Neolithic village of Barnhouse, Maeshowe passage grave and surrounding monuments at Stenness, Orkney MacDonald Institute for Archaeological Research: Cambridge, 385-389

Atkinson, D., Dalland, M. and van Wessel, J 2009 City of Adelaide, Laser scan survey. Headland Archaeology. Unpublished report COA07.

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Bacarov, K., McSweeney, K and Ignatova-Terziyska, S 2011 'Interdisziplinäre Forschungen Früher Gefässbestattungen' (Interdisciplinary research of earlier vessel burials, in German). in Nikolov, V., Bacvarov, K and Popov, H (eds) Interdisziplinäre Forschungen zum Kulturerbe auf der Balkanhalbinsel. Humboldt Union in Bulgarien: Sofia, 151-162.

Bacarov, K and McSweeney, K 2011 Potted babies: a bioarchaeological approach to the study of jar burial symbolism. Festschrift for Marion Lichardus-Itten. Studia Praehistorica 14. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, National Institute of Archaeology and Museum: Sofia, 399-408.

Baillie, M G L 1977 'An oak chronology for south central Scotland', Tree-Ring Bulletin, 37, 33-44.

Baillie M G L 1982 Tree-Ring Dating and Archaeology The University of Chicago Press: Chicago.

Balasse, M., Tresset, A., Dobney, K and Ambrose, S H 2005 'The use of isotope ratios to test for seaweed eating in sheep', Journal of Zoology 266, 283-291.

Balasse, M., Tresset, A and Ambrose, S H 2006 'Stable isotope evidence (13C, 18O) for winter feeding on seaweed by Neolithic sheep of Scotland', Journal of Zoology 270, 170-176.

Balasse, M., Mainland, I and Richards, M 2009 'Stable isotope evidence for seasonal consumption of marine seaweed by modern and archaeological sheep in the Orkney archipelago (Scotland)', Environmental Archaeology 14, 1-14.

Ballantyne, C K 2002 'A general model of paraglacial landscape response', The Holocene 12, 371- 376.

Ballantyne C K 2004 'Geomorphological changes and trends in Scotland: debris-flows'. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 052 (ROAME No. F00AC107A).

Ballantyne, C K 2008 'After the Ice: Holocene geomorphic activity in the Scottish Highlands', Scottish Geographical Journal 124 (1), 8-52.

Ballin T B and Faithfull, J 2009 'Gazetteer of Arran Pitchstone Sources: Presentation of exposed pitchstone dykes and sills across the Isle of Arran, and discussion of the archaeological relevance of these outcrops', Scottish Archaeological Internet Reports [online] 38. Society of Antiquaries of Scotland: Edinburgh. Available at <http://www.sair.org.uk/sair38/index.html> [Accessed 08 December 2011].

Banks, I., Alldritt, D., Duncan, J.S., Photos-Jones, E., Simpson, I A., Taylor, K and Simpson, B 2000 ' Excavation of an Iron Age and Romano-British enclosure at Woodend Farm, Johnstonebridge, Annandale, 1994 and 1997', Proc Soc Antiq Scot 130, 223-281.

Barclay, G., Brophy, K and MacGregor, G 2002 'Claish, Stirling: an early Neolithic structure and its context', Proc Soc Antiq Scot 132, 65-137.

Bar-Matthews, M., Marean, C W., Jacobs, Z. et al. 2010 'A high resolution and continuous isotopic speleothem record of palaeoclimate and paleoenvironment from 90 to 53 ka from Pinnacle Point on the south coast of South Africa', Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 2131-2145.

Barclay, G 1985 'Excavations at Upper Suisgill, Sutherland', Proc Soc Antiq Scot 115, 159-198.

Barclay, G J and Russell-White, C J 1993 'Excavations in the ceremonial complex of the fourth to second millennium BC at Balfarg/Balbirnie, Glenrothes, Fife', Proc Soc Antiq Scot 123, 43-210.

Barclay, G J., Carter, S P., Dalland, M M., Hastie, M., Holden, T H.,MacSween, A and Wickham- Jones, C R 2001 'A possible Neolithic settlement at Kinbeachie, Black Isle, Highland.' Proc Soc Antiq Scot 131, 57-85.

Barclay, G J., Brophy, K and MacGregor, G 2002 'Claish, Stirling: An Early Neolithic Structure in its Context', Proc Soc Antiq Scot 132, 65'137.

Barclay, G J and Ritchie, A (eds) 2010 'Artefactual, Environmental and Archaeological evidence from the Holyrood Parliament Site Excavations', Scottish Archaeological Internet Reports [online] 40. Society of Antiquaries of Scotland: Edinburgh. Available at http://www.sair.org.uk/sair40/index.html [Accessed 19 January 2012].

Barrett J H 1995 ?'Few know an earl in fishing-clothes'. Fish middens and the economy of the Viking Age and Late Norse earldoms of Orkney and Caithness, northern Scotland', Unpublished Ph.D Thesis. The University of Glasgow.

Barrett J H 1997 'Fish trade in Norse Orkney and Caithness: A zooarchaeological approach', Antiquity 71, 616'638.

Barrett J H 2003 'Excavations at Quoygrew (Orkney, Scotland) and the growth of the mediaeval fish trade', in Pieters, M., Verhaeghe, F., Gevaert, G., Mees, J and Seys, J (eds) Colloquium: Fishery, trade and piracy - fishermen and fishermen's settlements in and around the North Sea area in the Middle Ages and later, Instituut voor het Archeologisch Patrimonium Rapport 13: Oostende, 8'12.

Barrett J H 2005 'Economic intensification in Viking Age and medieval Orkney, Scotland: Excavations at Quoygrew', in Mortensen, A and Arge, S V (eds) Viking and Norse in the North Atlantic: Select papers from the proceedings of the fourteenth Viking Congress, T¢rshavn, 19'30 July 2001, F›roya Fr¢dhskaparfelag, Annales Societatis Scientiarum F‘roensis Supplementum XLIV: T¢rshavn, 264'283.

Barrett J H., Nicholson R A and Ceron-Carrasco R 1999 'Archaeo-ichthyological evidence for long-term socioeconomic trends in northern Scotland: 3500 BC to AD 1500', Journal of Archaeological Science 26, 353'388.

Barrett J H., Beukens R P and Nicholson R A 2001 'Diet and ethnicity during the Viking colonisation of northern Scotland: Evidence from fish bones and stable carbon isotopes', Antiquity 75, 145'154.

Barrett J H., Johnstone C., Harland J., Van Neer W., Ervynck A., Makowiecki D., Heinrich D., Hufthammer A K., Enghoff I B., Amundsen C., Christiansen J S., Jones A K G., Locker A., Hamilton-Dyer S., Jonsson L., Läugas L., Roberts C and Richards M 2008 'Detecting the medieval cod trade: A new method and first results', Journal of Archaeological Science 35(4), 850'861.

Barton, N B., Berridge, P J., Walker, M J C and Bevins, R E 1995 'Persistent places in the Mesolithic landscape: an example from the Black Mountain Uplands of South Wales', Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 61, 81-116.

Bass, W M 2005 (Fifth Edition) Human Osteology: A Laboratory and Field Manual. Special Publication No.2 of the Missouri Archaeological Society: Columbia, Missouri.

Bathurst, R., Zori, D and Byock, J 2010 'Diatoms as bioindicators of site use: locating turf structures from the Viking Age', Journal of Archaeological Science 37, 2920-2928.

Battarbee, R W., Cameron, N G., Golding, P., Brooks, S J., Swirsur, R., Harkness, D., Appleby, P., Oldfield, F., Thompson, R., Monteith, D T., and McGovern, A 2001 'Evidence for Holocene climate variability from the sediments of a Scottish remote mountain lake', Journal of Quaternary Science 16, 339-346.

Baxter, M J, 1994 Exploratory multivariate analysis in archaeology Edinburgh University Press: Edinburgh.

Baxter, M J 2011 'Statistical modelling of artefact compositional data', Archaeometry 23, 131-148.

Bayliss, A and Bronk Ramsay, C 2004 'Pragmatic Bayesians: a decade of integrating radiocarbon dates into chronological models', in Buck, C E and Millard, A (eds) Tools for Constructing Chronologies- crossing disciplinary boundaries Springer Verlag: London, 25-41.

Beck, C W and Shennan, S 1991 Amber in Prehistoric Britain, Oxbow: Oxford.

Bendall C., Wigg-wolf D., Lahaye Y., Von Kaenel H-M and Brey G P 2009 'Detecting changes of Celtic gold sources through the application of trace element and Pb isotope laser ablation analysis of Celtic gold coins', Archaeometry 51(4), 598-625.

Bennett, K D., Boreham, S., Sharp, M J. and Switsur, V R 1992 'Holocene history of environment, vegetation and human settlement on Catta Ness, Lunnasting, Shetland', Journal of Ecology 80, 241-273.

Bennett, K D., Whittington, G and Edwards, K J 1994 'Recent plant nomenclatural changes and pollen morphology in the British Isles', Quaternary Newsletter73, 1-6.

Berstan R., Dudd S N., Copley M S., Morgan, E D., Quye, A and Evershed, R P 2004 'Characterisation of 'bog butter' using a combination of molecular and isotopic techniques', Analyst 129, 270 ' 275.

Bertini N, Shortland A, Milek K and Krupp E M 2011 'Investigation of Iron Age north-eastern Scottish glass beads using element analysis with LA-ICP-MS', Journal of Archaeological Science 38 (10), 2750-2766.

Bigelow, G., Ferrante, S M., Hall, S T., Kimball, L M., Proctor, R E and Remington, S L 2005 'Researching catastrophic environmental changes on northern coastlines: A geoarchaeological case study from the Shetland Islands', Arctic Anthropology 42, 88-102.

Birks, H J B 2000 'Chironomid-inferred Late-glacial air temperatures at Whitrig Bog, southeast Scotland', Journal of Quaternary Science 15, 759-764.

Bishop A H 1914 'An Oronsay shell-mound: A Scottish pre-Neolithic site', Proc Soc Antiq Scot 48, 52-108.

Bishop, P., Sanderson, D C W and Stark M T 2004 'OSL and radiocarbon dating of a pre-Angkorian canal in the Mekong delta, southern Cambodia', Journal of Archaeological Science 31, 319-336.

Bishop P., Sanderson D., Hansom J and Chaimanee, N 2006 'Age-dating of tsunami deposits: lessons from the 26th December 2004 tsunami in Thailand', Geographical Journal (171), 379-384.

Bishop, R R., Church, M J and Rowley-Conwy, P A 2009 ‘Cereals, fruits and nuts in the Scottish Neolithic’. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 139, 47-103.

Bishop, W W and Coope, G R 1977 'Stratigraphical and faunal evidence for Lateglacial and early Flandrian environments in South-West Scotland', in Gray, J M and Lowe, J J (eds) Studies in the Scottish Lateglacial Environment, Pergamon: Oxford, 61-88.

Blackford, J J and Innes, J B 2006 'Linking current environments and processes to fungal spore assemblages: surface NPM data from woodland environments', Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 141, 179-187.

Blakely, R 1977 (ed) Biocultural Adaptation in Prehistoric America, Southern Anthropological Society Proceedings No.11. University of Georgia Press: Athens.

Blundell A C and Barber K E 2005 'A 2800 -year palaeoclimatic record from Tore Hill Moss, Strathspey, Scotland: the need for a multi-proxy approach to peat-based climate reconstructions', Quaternary Science Reviews 24, 1261-1277.

Blytheway, J A and Ross, A H 2010 'A Geometric Morphometric Approach to Sex Determination of the Human Adult Os Coxa', Journal of Forensic Sciences 55(4), 859'864.

Bocherens, H and Drucker, D 2003 'Trophic level isotopic enrichment of carbon and nitrogen in bone collagen: case studies from recent and ancient terrestrial ecosystems', International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 13(1-2), 46 -53.

Bogdan, N Q., Hodgson, G W I., Smith, C., Jones, A., Fraser, M., Heppel, D., Clarke, A S., Jones, A K G., Smart, I H M., Longmore, R B., Ceron-Carrasco, R and MacKay, D (in press) The Perth High Street Archaeological Excavation. Fascicule IX. The environmental evidence. Historic Scotland Report: Edinburgh.

Bohncke, S J P 1988 'Vegetation and habitation history of the Callanish area', in Birks, H J B., Birks, P E., Kaland, P E and Moe, D (eds) The cultural landscape: past, present and future. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 445-461.

Bond, J 2002 'Pictish pigs and Celtic cowboys: food and farming in the Atlantic Iron Age'. in Ballin Smith, B and Banks, I (ed) In the Shadow of the Brochs; the Iron Age in Scotland. Tempus: Stroud, 177-190.

Bond, J 2007 'The bioarchaeological evidence', in Hunter, J (ed) Investigations in Sanday, Orkney. Vol 1: Excavations at Pool, Sanday. The Orcadian ltd: Kirkwall, 169-286.

Bond, J M., Guttmann, E and Simpson, I A 2004 'Bringing in the sheaves: farming intensification in the post-broch Iron Age', in Housley, R and Coles, G (eds) The North Atlantic: Culture and Environment Oxbow Monographs: Oxford, 138-145.

Bond, J M., Nicholson, R A and Simpson, I A 2005 'Living off the land: farming and fishing at Old Scatness', in Turner V E., Nicholson R A., Dockrill S J and Bond J M (eds) Tall Stories' Two millennia of Brochs. Shetland Amenity Trust: Lerwick, 209-218.

Bond, J M., Nicholson, R A and Cussans, J E 2010 'Biological evidence', in Dockrill, S J., Bond, J M., Turners, V., Brown, L D., Bashford, D., Cussans, J E and Nicholson, R A. (eds) Excavations at Old Scatness Broch 1: The Pictish Village and Viking Settlement. Shetland Heritage: Lerwick, 131-206

Bonsall, C., Cook, G., Manson, J and Sanderson, D 2002 'Direct dating of Neolithic pottery: progress and prospects', (8th Neolithic Studies) Documenta Praehistorica 29, 47'59.

Bonsall, J C and Sutherland, D G 1992 'The Oban Caves', in Walker, M J C., Gray, J M and Lowe, J J (eds) The South-West Scottish Highlands: Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association: Cambridge, 115-121.

Bowler, D P 2004 Perth: the Archaeology and Development of a Scottish Burgh Tayside and Fife Archaeological Committee \ Historic Scotland: Perth.

Boyd, W E 1982 'Archaeological implications of a new palaeoenvironmental model for part of the Ayrshire coast', Glasgow Archaeological Journal 9, 15-17.

Bradley, R 2000 An Archaeology of Natural Places. Routledge: London.

Brayshay, B A., Gilbertson, D D., Kent, M., Edwards, K J., Wathern, P. and Weaver, R E 2000 'Surface pollen-vegetation relationships on the Atlantic seaboard: South Uist, Scotland', Journal of Biogeography 27, 359-378.

Brickley, M and McKinley, J 2004 Guidelines to the Standards for Recording Human Remains. BABAO and IFA. Available at <http://www.babao.org.uk/HumanremainsFINAL.pdf>. Accessed 09 December 2011.

Bridge M C, Haggart B A and Lowe J J 1990 ' The history and palaeoclimatic significance of subfossil remains of Pinus sylvestris in blanket peats from Scotland', Journal of Ecology 78, 77-99.

Britton, K., Muldner, G and Bell, M 2008 'Stable isotope evidence for salt-marsh grazing in the Bronze Age Severn Estuary, UK: implications for palaeodietary analysis at coastal sites', Journal of Archaeological Science 35, 2111-2118.

Britton, K., Grimes, V., Dau, J and Richards, M P 2009 'Reconstructing faunal migrations using intra-tooth sampling and strontium and oxygen isotope analyses: a case study of modern caribou (Rangifer tarandus granti)', Journal of Archaeological Science 36, 1163-1172.

Bronk Ramsey, C., Manning, S W., Reimer, P J., and van der Plicht, H 2006 'Developments in radiocarbon calibration for archaeology', Antiquity 80, 783-798.

Brooks, S J 1996 'Three thousand years of Environmental History in a Cairngorms Lochan Revealed by Analysis of Non-biting Midges (Insecta: Diptera: Chironomidae)', Botanical Journal of Scotland 48, 89-98.

Brooks, S J and Birks, H J B 2000 'Chironomid-inferred Late-glacial air temperatures at Whitrig Bog, southeast Scotland', Journal of Quaternary Science15, 759-764.

Brooks, S J 2006 'Fossil midges (Insecta: Diptera: Chironomidae) as palaeoclimatic indicators for the Eurasian region', Quaternary science reviews 25, 1894-1910.

Brooks, S J and Birks, H J B 2001 'Chironomid-inferred air temperatures from late-glacial and Holocene sites in north-west Europe: progress and problems', Quaternary science reviews 20, 1723- 1741.

Brophy, K 1999a The cursus monuments of Scotland. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

Brophy, K 1999b 'The cursus monuments of Scotland', in Barclay, A and Harding, J (eds) Pathways and ceremonies: the cursus monument of Britain and Ireland. Neolithic Studies Group Seminar Papers 4: Oxford, 119- 29.

Brophy, K 2000 The cursus monuments of Scotland, Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Glasgow

Brophy, K 2012 Reading between the lines: the Neolithic cursus monuments of Scotland. Amberley.

Brophy, K and Cowley, D C (eds) 2005 From the Air: understanding aerial archaeology, Tempus: Stroud.

Brothwell, D and Powers, R 1966 'A massive cist with multiple burials of Iron Age date. Part III The Iron Age people of Dunbar', Proc Soc Antiq Scot 98, 184-198.

Brothwell, D R., Bishop, A C and Woolley, A R 1974 'Vitrified forts in Scotland: a problem in interpretation and primitive technology', Journal of Archaeological Science 1, 101-107.

Brown, A G 1997 Alluvial Geoarchaeology, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

Brown, A G 2009 ' Colluvial and alluvial response to land use change in Midland England: an integrated geoarchaeological approach', Geomorphology 108, 92-106.

Bruce, M., Cross, J F and Kerr, N W 1997 'Human remains', in Rains, M J and Hall, D W (eds) Excavations in St Andrews 1980-1989. A Decade of work in a historic Scottish burgh, Tayside and Fife Archaeological Committee (Monograph 1): Glenrothes, 118-31.

Bryant, R G and Davidson, D A 1996 'The use of image analysis in the micromorphological study of old cultivated soils: an evaluation based on soils from the Island of Papa Stour, Shetland', Journal of Archaeological Science 23, 811-822.

Buckland, P C 1995 'A Beetle fauna from the organic deposit F23 in the stone-lined pit (F22)', in McCormick, F 'Excavation at Pluscarden Priory, Moray', Proc Soc Antiq Scot 124, 417-418.

Buckland, P C 1999 'An insect fauna from the Biggins', in Crawford, B E and Ballin Smith, B The Biggins, Papa Stour, Shetland. The history and archaeology of a royal Norwegian farm, Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (Monograph Series 15): Edinburgh, 120-122.

Buckland, P C 2002 'Insect fauna from within the cranium of skeleton 570', in Driscoll, S T Excavations at Glasgow Cathedral 1988-1997, Society for Medieval Archaeology (Monograph 18) Maney Publishing, 157.

Buckland, P C and Sadler, J P 1989 'A biogeography of the human flea, Pulex irritans L. (Siphonaptera : Pulicidae)', Journal of Biogeography 16, 115-120.

Buckland, P C and Dinnin, M J 1993 'Holocene Woodlands: the Fossil Insect Evidence', in Kirby, K and Drake, C M (eds) Dead wood matters: the ecology and conservation of saproxylic invertebrates in Britain, English Nature (Science 7): Peterborough, 6-20.

Buckland, P C., Sadler, J P and Smith, D 1993 'An Insect's Eye-view of the Norse Farm', in Batey, C E., Jesch, J and Morris, C D (eds) The Viking Age in Caithness, Orkney and the North Atlantic, Edinburgh University Press: Edinburgh, 518-528.

Buckland, P C., Sadler, J P and Smith,R F 1996 'Contrasting Patterns of Polar Biogeography. North and South in Atlantic Insect Populations', in Biscoito, M J (ed) Proceedings of the 1st Symposium, Fauna and Flora of the Atlantic Islands. Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal (Hist¢ria Natural) , Suppl. 4, 145-174.

Buckland, P C and Sadler, J P 1997 'Insects', in Edwards, K J and Ralston, I B M (eds) Scotland. Environment and Archaeology 8,000 BC to AD 1000, J. Wiley and Sons: Chichester, 105-108.

Buckland, P C., Panagiotakopulu, E and Buckland, P. I. 2004a 'Fossil insects and the Neolithic: methods and potencial', Antaeus, 27, 235-252.

Buckland, P C., Panagiotakopulu, E and Buckland, P I 2004b 'What's eating Halvdan the Black' Fossil insects and the study of a burial mound in its landscape context', in Larsen, J H and Rolsen, P Halvdanshaugen - arkeologi, historie og naturvitenskap. Universitetets Kulturhistoriske Museer Skrifter 3(35): Oslo, 3-376.

Buckland P I and Buckland P C 2006 Bugs Coleopteran Ecology Package (Versions: BugsCEP v7.63; Bugsdata v7.11; BugsMCR v2.02; BugStats v1.22).

Buckley, P et al. 2009 'Species identification by analysis of bone collagen using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry', Rapid Commu Mass Spec 23, 3843-3854.

Buikstra, J E and Ubelaker, D H 1994 Standards for Data Collection from Human Skeletal Remains: Proceedings of a Seminar in the Field Museum of Natural History Organized by Jonathan Haas. Arkansas Archaeological Survey Research series No. 44: Fayetteville, Arkansas.

Buikstra, J E and Beck, L A (eds) 2006 Bioarchaeology: The contextual analysis of human remains, Elsevier: London.

Bull, I D., Simpson, I A., van Bergen, P F. and Evershed, R P 1999 ' Muck 'n' molecules: organic geochemical methods for detecting ancient manuring', Antiquity 73, 86-96.

Bunting, M J 2003 'Pollen-vegetation relationships in non-arboreal moorland taxa', Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 125, 285-298.

Bunting, M J and Middleton, D 2005 'Modelling pollen dispersal and deposition using HUMPOL software, including simulating windroses and irregular lakes', Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 134, 185-196.

Burbidge C I., Allsworth Jones P., Housley R A., Sanderson D C W., Pyle D., Bazely O., McCave N and van Andel T 2005 Middle Palaeolithic sites in Russia and Ukraine: site summaries and fieldwork 2004 University of Glasgow: Glasgow.

Burbidge C I., Sanderson D C W., Housley R A., and Allsworth Jones P 2007 'Survey of Palaeolithic sites by luminescence profiling, a case study from Eastern Europe', Quaternary Geochronology 2(1-4), 296-302

Bytheway, J A and Ross, A H 2010 'A Geometric Morphometric Approach to Sex Determination of the Human Adult Os Coxa', Journal of Forensic Sciences 55(4), 859'864.

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Calder S T 1937 'A Neolithic Double- Chambered Cairn of the Stalled Type and Later Structures on the Calf of Eday, Orkney', Proc Soc Antiq Scot 71 (1936-37), 156- 60.

Caldwell, D H and Dean, V E 1992 'The Pottery London, Cockspow and Stirling Industry at Throsk, Stirlingshire, in the 17th and early 18th century', Post-Medieval Archaeology 26, 1'46.

Callander, J G., Cree, J E., Ritchie, J 1927 'Preliminary reports on caves containing Paleolithic relics near Inchnadamph, Sutherland', Proc Soc Antiq Scot 61, 169-172.

Cameron, A S and Stones, J A (eds) 2001 Aberdeen: An in-depth view of the city's past; excavations at seven major sites within the medieval Burgh. Society of Antiquaries of Scotland: Edinburgh.

Card, N., Cluett, J., Downes, J., Gater, J and Ovenden, S 2007 'Bringing a landscape to life? - researching and managing the 'The Heart of Neolithic Orkney' World Heritage Site', World Archaeology 39(3), 417-435.

Cardy, A 1997 'The environmental material. The human bones', in Hill, P. Whithorn and St Ninian: the excavations of a monastic town 1984-1991. Sutton Publishing: Stroud, 51-62.

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