• The establishment of a national online database and publication/report repository on mammal, fish, and bird bone collections from Scottish archaeological sites, which would highlight areas in Scotland with good preservation conditions for bone, safeguard raw data that may remain unpublished and make it available to future generations of researchers, including scientists responsible for present and future management of fish, bird and animal populations.
• Active promotion of new collaborative research between biologists with expertise in living Scottish species, facilities housing important reference collections, organisations curating important ethnographic and historical archives, and archaeologists and bioarchaeologists working on Scottish remains, through a series of workshops aimed at the development of new project proposals addressing large and important themes such as the biogeography of Scottish faunas (colonisations, introductions, extinctions, etc).
• Provision of environmental archaeology expertise and advice within Historic Scotland, which could develop national recommendations for sampling, recovery, data archiving and management, and public dissemination of the results of environmental archaeology studies.
• The establishment of a network of environmental archaeologists/palaeoecologists and archaeological consultancy firms in Scotland, in order to improve the flow of information about benefits and costs of particular sampling strategies and techniques, and assemblages that are available for study. This could begin with a series of workshops and short courses to facilitate introductions and discussions between archaeological scientists and commercial archaeologists, and should lead to the establishment of a directory of specialists who are willing to be contacted by field practitioners with queries.
• Active promotion, funding, and integration of cutting-edge methods such as the analysis of testate amoebae, chironomids, lipid biomarkers, phytoliths, soil micromorphology, isotopes, tooth abrasion and hypoplasia, and coprophilous fungal spores and other non-pollen palynomorphs in Scottish archaeology in order to enhance the understanding of past environments, stresses and coping strategies, and the vulnerability and resilience of past communities in Scotland.